On January 29, 2021, the price of one Bitcoin rose from $32,000 to $38,000 within a few hours. The catalyst for this jump appeared to be an update to Elon Musk’s Twitter bio. Musk used #bitcoin for his account description followed by a tweet that said: “In retrospect, it was inevitable.” At the time, the world was unaware that Tesla, Inc. had made a substantial investment in Bitcoin, nor that the automaker intended to accept Bitcoin as a form of payment.

My recent article “How Elon Musk’s Twitter activity moves cryptocurrency markets” examines the extent to which the Twitter activities…


Building on data from a representative online survey among 1,000 German adults, the BRL Report № 6 offers insights about what motivates citizens regarding the use of digital identity solutions, such as Login-buttons (e.g. “login with Google”) or user name + password. Perceptions towards the motivation towards the sharing and the provision of personal data online as well as the trust placed in groups or institutions handling personal data are analyzed.

It is found that citizens see “trust” and “actual benefits” of digital identity solutions as the most important motives, whereas “social motives”, such as environmental motives, are subordinate. Citizens…


In the BRL Working Paper “A Place Beside Satoshi — Scientific Foundations of Blockchain and Cryptocurrency in Business and Economics“, the five most important discourses in business and economics research on blockchain were identified. The analysis is based on an exploratory factor analysis of 9,672 citations in 467 peer-reviewed research papers.

Here is a short description of the top five blockchain discourses in business and economics research, plus the key research papers that have shaped the first eleven years of blockchain research.

I. Market economics and market efficiency

Research that aims to gain a better understanding of crypto markets through the analysis of market data. Includes…


This blog post is based on the Blockchain Research Lab Working Paper “Market Reaction to Large Transfers on the Bitcoin Blockchain — Do Size and Motive Matter?” Read the full paper here.

A specific feature of the blockchain technology and thus also of the Bitcoin network is the underlying transparency. Each network participant can observe in virtually real time how many and what kind of transactions take place in the Bitcoin network. So, if someone sends out a big amount of Bitcoin, the market recognizes this immediately.

We were interested in the question to what extent this information is recognized…


Two days ago we launched STOKR, an all-in-one solution for Security Token Offerings (STOs). In the following, I’ll provide a brief introduction to STOKR and why I’m stoked for the future.

Why Are Security Tokens Relevant?

Security tokens have a real underlying value, as they are regulated financial instruments and, for example, represent equity in a firm. Compared to Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs), where “investors” may only have very limited rights (you could also name them donors), investors in STOs classify as real investors and are protected by financial regulation. …


Symbols are allocated by the respective size of the number one token wallet.

In the following post, I’ll take a look at tokens on the Ethereum network. Tokens using the ERC-20 protocol on the Ethereum blockchain have been the driver of the ICO hype-cycle in 2017. So I find it quite interesting to have a look how these tokens “are doing” and what interesting insights may lie in the on-chain data. To do so, I used data from Bloxy, a wonderful site that brings a lot of transparency and resources to the Ethereum ecosystem. The data is collected at the beginning of October.


When planning a token sale, projects need to closely evaluate which blockchain infrastructure provides the best fit for their product or service. In this article, I will try to provide an overview of the most relevant blockchain infrastructures for ICO tokens. As I already published an article on the topic one month ago, I’ll compare some statistics to see how things changed during the course of one month.

Market statistics

As (instant) liquidity is one of the main reasons for ICO contributions, a platform currency that itself is a liquid asset seems like a fitting choice for a token infrastructure. While market…


Crypto exchange tokens have established themselves as a new type of crypto investment that allows a direct participation from the infrastructure of the market. While diversification is a rather funny approach in the crypto ecosystem (everything price-related depends on Bitcoin), exchange tokens allow for some form of in-sector-diversification from cryptocurrencies and dApp tokens.

In the following post, I will provide an overview of 20 different crypto exchange tokens. The goal of this article is not to evaluate the potential over- or under-pricing of assets but only descriptive statistics. Just like for the blockchain infrastructure projects, I will try to update…


When planning a token sale, projects need to closely evaluate which blockchain infrastructure provides the best fit for their product or service. In this article, I will try to provide an overview of the 27 most relevant blockchain infrastructures for ICO tokens. I will try to write an update of this post every month (and possibly add more variables). This way, actual developments and trends regarding token infrastructures can possibly be determined.

Potentially, I’ll be able to introduce a rating or scoring system in the future. …

Lennart Ante

Researcher at the non-profit blockchainresearchlab.org

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